Opel Frontera

Since 1992 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel of Frontera
+ Cars of mark Opel Frontera
- Current leaving and service
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Current leaving
   The information on adjustment
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Condition check, adjustment of a tension and replacement приводного a belt (only for engines with tension adjustment)
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
   Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check and replacement candle ВВ wires, a cover and бегунка the distributor
   Check of level of oil in a manual box of a gear change and a distributing box
   Check of level of a lubricant liquid of differential of forward and back bridges
   Check of fuel system
   Check of functioning of system of cooling
   Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts of forward wheels
   Make check of brake system and replacement of a brake liquid with the subsequent prorolling
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Refuelling of a cooler of system of cooling
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils РКПП and a distributing box
   Replacement of a lubricant liquid of differential of forward and back bridges
   Replacement of a distributive belt of the engine
+ The engine
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Kardannye shaft, the main transfer
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Controls and operation
+ Electric equipment schemes



Check of levels of liquids

THE GENERAL DATA


The remark

Procedures of check of level the liquids made through each 400 km of run or weekly are more low described. The description of other checks of levels of a liquid can be found further in the Sections devoted to specific procedures of service. Irrespective of check intervals under the schedule do not suppose, that the liquid followed under the car, such leaks specify in malfunction which should be eliminated immediately.


Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, brake and systems of washing of a windscreen. In view of the gradual expense and-or pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Familiarise with Section “Types and volumes of applied greasings and liquids” in Specifications before to start to доливу liquids in any of the listed components. The remark: At any check of level of a liquid the car should stand on an equal surface.

Impellent oil

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, the engine located on one side. Щуп passes through a metal tube downwards, reaching a pallet bottom картера the engine.
2. Measurement of level of impellent oil is made before start of the engine or not less than through 15 mines after its deenergizing.
Recommendations

If to start measurement of level of impellent oil right after engine deenergizings, the oil part remains in the top part of the engine that will essentially be reflected in accuracy of indications щупа.


3. Take щуп and dry wipe its edge pure rags or a paper towel. Enter щуп up to the end back and again take it. The height of the site of an edge moistened with oil will correspond to oil level in the engine. This level should be between two labels on щупе.
4. For lifting of level of oil from the minimum label on щупе to maximum one litre of oil is required. Oil level should remain between two labels, it is desirable at level or is close from top of them - if it not so, add oils to the top label. Do not suppose falling of level below the minimum label since oil starvation can lead to engine damage. On the other hand, overflow of the engine by oil (having added above the maximum mark) can be at the bottom замасливания of spark plugs, leaks of oil or failure of epiploons.
5. To add oils, unscrew a cover of a mouth of the gulf, located on a cover of a head of cylinders. After долива some oil wait some minutes that oil level was stabilised, then pull out щуп and again check up level. If it is required, add still oils. Close a cover of a mouth and tighten her hand.
Viscosity of impellent oil
And - seasonal oil
In - all-weather oil
6. Check of level of oil is the important preventive procedure. Constant falling of level of oil specifies or in presence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or ослабшие connections, or on its burning out (internal leaks through the worn out piston rings or through directing plugs of valves). Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy colour or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it specifies in possible infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders or crack presence in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Each time at measurement of level of oil before edge rubbing щупа spend on it big and index hand fingers. If will be thus found out stuck on щуп particles of a dirt or metal particles, oil it is necessary to replace (the Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter) see.

Engine cooler

The prevention

Do not suppose antifreeze hit on your skin or on the painted surfaces of the car. If it nevertheless has occurred, immediately смойте antifreeze a plentiful quantity of water. Antifreeze is extremely toxic in a case hit in an organism. Never leave it without supervision in the open container or spilt on a floor; or animals its sweet smell can involve children and they can drink it. Agree with local authorities about destruction of the used antifreeze.


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. All cars considered in the given Management, are equipped by system of cooling with superfluous pressure of compensatory type. The white plastic broad tank (or the cooler tank) is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator. In process of a warming up of the engine in the course of its work the extending cooler fills a tank. At cooling of the engine the cooler automatically arrives back in cooling system that provides maintenance of constant value of its level.
2. Check of level of a cooler in the tank should be made regularly. Add 40 %/60 %-s' mix of antifreeze on a basis этиленгликоля with water.
The prevention

Do not uncover a jellied mouth of a broad tank or a cover of a radiator for check of level of a cooler before full cooling of the engine! Level in the tank fluctuates depending on engine temperature. When the engine cold, cooler level should be above a label “LOW” on the tank. In process of heating of the engine level should come nearer to a label “FULL”. If it not so, allow to the engine to cool down and then uncover the tank.


The broad tank (the cooler tank) is located in a lateral part of an impellent compartment - uncover and add a cooler.
3. Banish the car and again measure cooler level. If to the necessary level it is required to add only a cooler small amount for this purpose it is possible to use pure water. However frequent additions of water will dilute antifreeze. To provide a normal parity of antifreeze and water, always add to the necessary level a demanded mix.
4. If cooler level falls regularly in system leak presence is possible. Examine a radiator, hoses, a cover of a mouth, a stopper plum and the water pump (the Section Check of functioning of system of cooling see). If any leaks it is not revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a broad tank and a radiator in dealer branch of service OPEL.
5. If you need to uncover, wait, while the engine completely will cool down, then wrap up a piece of thick rags round a cover т turn away it to the first emphasis. If thus from under a cover steam or a cooler starts to be pulled out, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, and only then uncover.
6. It is necessary to check a cooler condition also. It should be rather pure. If the liquid has brown or rusty colour, it it is necessary to merge, wash out system and to fill with its new mix. Even if the cooler looks normally, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion in due course lose the efficiency, therefore it is necessary to replace it through certain time intervals.

Brake liquid and coupling liquid

The prevention

The brake liquid can harm your eyes and damage the painted surfaces of the car, therefore be extremely cautious at the reference with it. Do not use a brake liquid which long time stood opened, or which more than one year. The brake liquid has property to absorb a moisture from air that can lead to dangerous loss of efficiency of brake system. Use only the recommended type of a brake liquid. Mixing of various types of a liquid (such as DOT 3 or 4 and DOT 5) can lead to refusal of brake system.


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The main cylinder of brake system is established in a back left corner of an impellent compartment.
2. To check up level of a liquid of coupling, look at the translucent tank. Level should be near a ledge on the tank. If it more low, uncover and add the recommended liquid.
3. Level of a brake liquid also is checked visually, on labels on the plastic tank established on the main cylinder. Liquid level should be between labels “MAX” and “MIN”. If level below admissible, at first wipe top of the tank and a cover pure rags to prevent dirt hit in system after cover removal. Add to the necessary level the recommended liquid, but do not pour.
4. While the tank cover is removed, check up a liquid and the tank of the main cylinder on presence of pollution. If at it there are particles of a rust, a dirt or a water drop, a liquid from system it is necessary to merge and fill in the new.
5. After долива the tank to the necessary level make sure that the cover is established exactly, in order to avoid leaks of a liquid and-or dirt hit.
6. Liquid level in the main cylinder will fall slightly as a result of wear process of frictional overlays brake колодок. There is no necessity to add it until level remains near a label “MIN”; it will rise after replacement of overlays. Very low level can specify in deterioration brake колодок. Check up them on deterioration presence (see Make check of brake system and replacement of a brake liquid with the subsequent prorolling).
7. If level of a brake liquid constantly falls, immediately check up all system on presence of leaks. Survey brake lines, hoses and штуцерные connections, together with supports, wheel cylinders and the main cylinder (the Section see Make check of brake system and replacement of a brake liquid with the subsequent prorolling).
8. If at check of level of a liquid one or both tanks appear empty or nearly so empty, the brake system or coupling system should be checked up on presence of leaks and is pumped over (Heads Coupling and Brake system) see.

Liquid of a washer of glasses and headlights

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The liquid for washing of glasses is in the plastic tank in an impellent compartment.
2. In areas with a temperate climate it is possible to fill system with usual water, but the tank should be filled no more, than on two third that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water at freezing. In areas with cold environmental conditions it is necessary to use special antifreeze for system of washing of the windscreen, reducing a freezing point of a liquid which can be got in any shop of automobile accessories. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready kind. If you have got the concentrated antifreeze, mix it with water according to the instruction of the manufacturer on packing.

The prevention

Do not use antifreeze of system of cooling - it will damage the painted surfaces of the car.