Opel Frontera

Since 1992 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel of Frontera
+ Cars of mark Opel Frontera
- Current leaving and service
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Current leaving
   The information on adjustment
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Condition check, adjustment of a tension and replacement приводного a belt (only for engines with tension adjustment)
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
   Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check and replacement candle ВВ wires, a cover and бегунка the distributor
   Check of level of oil in a manual box of a gear change and a distributing box
   Check of level of a lubricant liquid of differential of forward and back bridges
   Check of fuel system
   Check of functioning of system of cooling
   Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts of forward wheels
   Make check of brake system and replacement of a brake liquid with the subsequent prorolling
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Refuelling of a cooler of system of cooling
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils РКПП and a distributing box
   Replacement of a lubricant liquid of differential of forward and back bridges
   Replacement of a distributive belt of the engine
+ The engine
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Coupling
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Kardannye shaft, the main transfer
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Controls and operation
+ Electric equipment schemes



Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics

THE GENERAL DATA

Check and leaving

The prevention

At work with the battery it is necessary to undertake certain security measures. At battery banks always there is extremely an inflammable hydrogen, therefore at all do not suppose approach to the battery with the lighted cigarette or other kinds of open fire. The battery electrolit represents a solution of sulfuric acid which at hit in eyes or on open sites of a body causes serious traumas. Besides, acid corrodes clothes and paints. At battery switching-off always the first disconnect a negative wire, and connect it in last turn!


Tools and the materials necessary for care by the battery


1 - Obverse guards/goggles - at removal by a brush of traces of corrosion of a particle of crystallising acid can easily get to eyes.
2 - Baking soda - the water solution of baking soda can be used for corrosion neutralisation
3 - Beskislotnyj vaseline - put on plugs of the battery the vaseline layer will help to avoid their corrosion.
4 - the Adaptation for зачистки plugs/tips of wires - such adaptation with a wire brush will remove all traces of corrosion from plugs of the battery and tips of wires.
5 - the Impregnated felt washers - installation of such washers on each plug of the battery directly under tips of wires will help to avoid corrosion.
6 - the Stripper - sometimes appears to be removed tips of wires very difficultly from battery plugs, even after full easing of nuts/bolts. This tool will help to remove tips vertically upwards without damages.
7 - the Adaptation for зачистки plugs/tips of wires - one more type of the smoothing out tool, slightly changed variant of point 4 which are carrying out the same functions.
8 - Rubber gloves - one more protection frame at work with the battery; remember that in the battery there is an acid!

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Care of the battery is very important procedure, allowing to avoid stops in a way because of its discharge. For performance of procedure of service some tools are required.
2. Before the beginning of procedure of service always at first switch off the engine and disconnect all electrodevices, then disconnect a negative wire from the battery.
The prevention

If the radio receiver of your car is equipped by system of protection against larceny, make sure that you have typed a correct code before a battery detachment.


3. Usually cars OPEL are equipped by the batteries which are not demanding special leaving. It is possible to remove covers банок and to add the distilled water. Latest models can be equipped by the batteries which absolutely not are not demanding leaving which are completely sealed.
4. Remove covers and check up electrolit level in each of банок batteries. It should be above plates. Usually on everyone bank there is a level index. If level of electrolit below norm, add only the distilled water and then close covers банок.

The prevention

Overflow банок can lead to transfusion of electrolit during the accelerated gymnastics that will cause corrosion and damage of the components nearest to the battery.


5. If the positive plug and a collar of a wire of the battery of your car are equipped by a rubber protector, make sure that it is not torn and not damaged. It should close the plug completely.
6. It is necessary to examine periodically an external condition of the battery on presence of such damages, as cracks in the case.
7. Check up reliability of a tightening of collars of wires of the battery, providing good electric connection. Check up each of wires on all length on presence of cracks and attritions of isolation and wires.
8a. At detection of traces of corrosion (usually representing a friable touch of white colour) disconnect wires from plugs, smooth out their special brush and again connect. Corrosion occurrence can be reduced to a minimum by installation of specially processed washers which are available on sale in shops of autospare parts, or by drawing on plugs and collars of wires of a layer бескислотного vaseline or suitable greasing after their connection.
8b. The detachment of a wire from the plug of the battery by means of a key - sometimes when corrosion has destroyed a nut, for this procedure is required special flat-nose pliers (always the first disconnect also the last connect a grounding wire!).
8с. Irrespective of type of the adaptation for зачистки result always there should be a pure, brilliant surface of the plug.
8d. At зачистке tips of wires it is necessary to remove all traces of corrosion (the internal part of a tip has конусность, repeating form of the plug of the battery, therefore do not remove too much material).
9. Make sure that the battery pallet is in a satisfactory condition, and the bolt of a fixing collar is reliably tightened. If the battery acted in film from the pallet (see the Head the engine Electric equipment, describing procedure of removal and installation), track, that in an installation time on it details or other extraneous subjects did not lie. At зажимании a fixing collar do not tighten its bolt too hardly.
Fastening of the storage battery:
1 - a weight cable
2 - washers
3 - a positive cable
4 - a fixing lath
10. Traces of corrosion from the pallet, cases of the battery and surrounding surfaces can be removed by means of a water solution of baking soda. Put a mix a small brush, allow to it to stand and then смойте plentiful quantity at its finest.
11. Metal surfaces of the car, подвергшиеся corrosion, it is necessary to cover with a first coat on a zinc basis and then to paint.
12. The additional information on the battery and on start of the engine from an external source can be found in the Head the Electric equipment of the engine and in Introduction.

Gymnastics

The remark

Manufacturers recommend to remove the battery from the car for its gymnastics since the gas allocated during this procedure, can damage the painted surfaces or a car interior, depending on a battery arrangement. The fast gymnastics with the connected wires of the battery can lead to damages of electric system of the car.


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Remove all covers with банок batteries (if they are available) and close apertures pure rags to prevent an electrolit spillage. Disconnect a negative wire of the battery and connect wires зарядного devices to its plugs (positive to positive, negative to negative), then include зарядное the device in a network. If it has the switch, make sure that it is established in position “12 volt”.
The prevention

If the radio receiver of your car is equipped by system of protection against larceny, make sure that you have typed a correct code before a battery detachment.


2. If you use зарядным the device with a current more than two amperes, regularly check the battery during gymnastics to make sure that it has not overheated. Using slow зарядное the device, you can easy leave the battery to be charged on all night long after regular check within first two hours. At gymnastics of the batteries which are not demanding leaving, certain safety measures (for example, application very much низкоамперного зарядного devices) can be demanded. On such battery can be precautionary шильдик but if it is not present, address for consultation in dealer branch OPEL or to the electrician from a repair truck.
3. If battery banks have the demountable covers, each hour within last several hours зарядного a cycle check density of electrolit with the help ареометра. Inexpensive ареометры are available on sale in shops of autospare parts - at their application follow applied instructions. It is possible to consider the battery charged if within two hours indicators of density of its electrolit do not change, and the electrolit in banks freely bubbles. The electrolit density in separate banks should be almost identical. If this not so, means, one or the several банок batteries have failed also them it is necessary to replace.
4. Some batteries not demanding leaving have above built in ареометр, having a window - the colour indicator of degree of gymnastics of the battery. The usually brightly painted window means that the battery is completely charged, and dark colour testifies to necessity of additional gymnastics. More exact instructions are resulted in the instruction of the manufacturer of the battery.
5. If the battery is sealed and has no built in ареометра, you can check up degree of gymnastics by means of connected to plugs of the battery of the digital voltmeter. Completely charged battery will show 12.6 and more volt.
6. Fuller information on the battery and on start of the engine from an auxiliary source can be found in the Head the Electric equipment of the engine and in Introduction.