Opel Frontera

Since 1992 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel of Frontera
+ Cars of mark Opel Frontera
+ Current leaving and service
+ The engine
+ Cooling and heating systems
+ The power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   + Ignition system
   - Charge and start systems
      The storage battery
      The generator
      Starter
+ Coupling
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Kardannye shaft, the main transfer
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Controls and operation
+ Electric equipment schemes


The generator

THE GENERAL DATA

Security measures at work with the generator

Before to make any works on gymnastics system, it is necessary to familiarise with following security measures:
1. Never to disconnect the battery or a pressure regulator when the engine and the generator work.
2. Never to close the plug of excitation the generator or the cable fixed on it on weight.
3. Never to confuse wires of a regulator of pressure.
4. Never to include a pressure regulator if it is connected to weight (instant damage).
5. Never to remove the generator if the battery is not disconnected from a contour.
6. At battery installation to watch, that the minus plug was connected to weight.
7. Never to use the indicator of pressure which is connected directly in a household network (110 or 220). To use only the indicator for 12 Century
8. If the battery is charged in the established condition зарядным by the device, both cables of the battery should be disconnected. The positive plug зарядного devices to connect to the positive plug of the battery, and the negative plug зарядного devices with the negative plug of the battery.
9. Wrong connection of wires leads to destruction of the rectifier and a pressure regulator.

Check of the established generator


At normal movement the lamp of the control of a charge should go out. Otherwise, malfunction consists in the generator or a pressure regulator. First to check up electric connections of the generator. To check up, whether correctly will pull приводной a belt. The further check can be spent only on the removed generator, however it is possible to check up all safety locks preliminary.

Service, check and generator repair


The remark: the Generator and a regulator are not subject to options and repair. It is possible to replace the idle generator on replaceable, having handed over the old generator at purchase.

Service

Generator bearings have long-term greasing and do not demand regular maintenance service. To keep a generator outer side clean and not to suppose hit on it of water or other dissolving means.

Check and repair


Generator brushes slide on smooth contact rings and consequently have very long service life. For check of brushes generator removal is not required. To do following works:

Security measures at work with зарядным the device


Work with зарядным the device demands observance of following security measures:
1. It is impossible to disconnect the storage battery or a pressure regulator in an operating time of the engine and accordingly the generator.
2. Do not suppose contact to weight of the plug of a winding of excitation of the generator or the cable attached to it.
3. At all do not interchange the position of a wire of a regulator of pressure.
4. At all do not include a pressure regulator if it is connected to weight it (will be immediately damaged).
5. At all do not remove the generator, without having disconnected preliminary storage battery.
6. At installation of the storage battery watch that the negative plug incorporated to weight. Though plugs have different diameter, the error is possible.
7. At all do not apply the control lamp included directly in the basic network (110 or 220). Apply only a control lamp pressure 12 Century
8. At gymnastics of the storage battery without its removal from the car it is necessary to disconnect both cables. The positive plug зарядного devices should incorporate to a positive pole of the battery, and negative with the negative.
9. Wrong connection зарядного conducts devices to damage of the rectifier and a pressure regulator.
10. At replacement establish the generator of a corresponding current of return.

Generator check on the engine


At normal operation of the car the control lamp of the category of the storage battery should not to burn. If the lamp burns, it specifies in malfunction in the generator or a pressure regulator.
At first it is necessary to check up all joinings to the generator.
Check up a tension клинового a belt. Other checks are spent on the generator removed from the engine. It is recommended to spend them in a repair truck having special control equipment.

Removal and installation


For all executions disconnect a cable of weight from the storage battery. Further depending on execution:

THE ENGINE OF 2.0 L TILL 1995 OF RELEASE


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Generator fastening is shown on иллюстр. Disconnect cables from a generator underside.
2. Remove приводной a belt as it is described in the Head of System of cooling and heating for the given engine. This execution has the device of adjustment of a tension of a belt.
3. Turn away bolts of fastening of the generator from a tension lath and from the bottom support (an arrow on an illustration).
At generator installation tighten fastening bolts by hand. Put on клиновой a belt and adjust its tension. After that tighten a bolt shown on иллюстр. Also tighten bolts and nuts of the bottom fastening of the generator.
Attach cables from a generator underside. Attach a cable of weight of the storage battery.

THE ENGINE OF 2.0 L FROM THE MIDDLE OF 1995 OF RELEASE


Here it is necessary to spend some spadework to reach the generator.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Disconnect a cable of weight from the storage battery.
2. Remove the details shown on иллюстр. It is a hose всасывания air (1) between the case throttle заслонки and the case of the air filter. Расстыкуйте штекерное connection of a cable (2) from the gauge of temperature of soaked up air and (3) measuring instruments of weight of soaked up air.
3. Mark a direction of rotation of a belt with a paint on an outer side and turn a tension roller накидным a key to the right so that it was possible to remove a belt.
4. Remove the generator according to иллюстр. For this purpose turn on at first bolts of fastening (1) and (2), and then bolts (3) and (4). After that the bottom bolt of fastening of the generator is weakened. Reject the generator aside.
5. From a generator underside remove two cable supplies, completely take out the bottom bolt and take out the generator upward.

The generator in sequence, by return to removal is established. The bottom plug (the plug 61) tighten the moment of 4 Nanometers, the top plug (the plug 30) tighten the moment of 8 Nanometers. Watch that the cable correctly lay.
At generator fastening maintain following moments of an inhaling:

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Bolts of fastening with (1) on (4) on иллюстр. Tighten the moment of 18 Nanometers.
2. The bottom bolt of fastening is tightened by the moment of 35 Nanometers.
Put on клиновой a belt according to marks of a direction of rotation and pull a roller as it is described in corresponding section for the considered engine. In summary again establish the details shown on иллюстр.

ENGINE DOHC (VOLUME 2.2) FROM THE MIDDLE OF 1995 OF RELEASE


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The same as and for the engine of 2.0 l it is necessary to spend preliminary preparation to provide access to the generator. For this purpose disconnect shown on иллюстр. Collars of fastening of hoses (1), (2), (3) and (7). Расстыкуйте штекерные connections of a plait of cables (6) gauges of temperature of soaked up air, a plait of cables of a measuring instrument of weight of air also remove a hose of soaked up air (5) between the case throttle заслонки and the case of the air filter.
2. Other details act in film similarly to the engine of 2.0 l from the middle of 1995 of release, including generator fastening (see иллюстр.).
In the presence of the conditioner it is necessary to disconnect the pump of the hydraulic booster of a steering, having provided access to the bottom bolt of fastening of the generator. Hydraulic hoses of the pump are not disconnected. The pump put aside.

The generator according to the description for engines of 2.0 l from the middle of 1995 of release is established.

Tension adjustment клинового a belt


Tension adjustment клинового a belt of a drive of the generator is described in the Head of System of cooling and heating if it is a question about клиновом a belt with the tension device (the engine of 2.4 l to the middle of 1995 of release).

Repair of the generator of firm Bosch


The scheme of assemblage of generator Bosch

1 - the Coupling bolt
2 - a washer
3 - a remote ring
4 - a lath of fastening of the bearing
5 - a ring
6 - a remote ring
7 - a bolt and a spring washer
8 - шпонка
9 - a rotor
10 - the bearing
11 - a washer
12 - статор with diodes of rectifiers
13 - статор
14 - the block of rectifiers
15 - the generator case
16 - brushes
17 - a pressure regulator
18 - the condenser of protection against hindrances

Dismantling

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. According to иллюстр. Following works are performed:
2. Turn on from a shaft of a rotor a nut and remove from a shaft a pulley and the fan with a remote washer. To keep a shaft from проворачивания it is possible having thrown a pulley with an old belt and having clamped it in a vice. It is possible to insert also into an aperture of a shaft a face key and to turn away a nut накидным a key, as is shown in иллюстр. To pulley removal it is applied two- or трехзахватный a stripper.
3. Take out from a shaft шпонку.
4. Disconnect a regulator of pressure with щеткодержателем. Щеткодержатель is from an underside and fastens two screws.
5. Mark mutual position of a cover from outside a drive and the case of the generator and turn out from the case coupling bolts (arrows on иллюстр.). Disconnect a back cover of the bearing from a forward cover. For this purpose it is possible to knock slightly with a plastic hammer on a cover.
6. Establish a cover from outside a drive and a rotor under a press and remove a rotor трехзахватным a stripper, as is shown in иллюстр. At выпрессовке bolts of an external washer of fastening of the bearing break. It is necessary to watch that stripper cams have been brought under a washer, and not just under a cover. If it is necessary to take out the bearing from a cover, turn away bolts from the inside and выпрессуйте the bearing.
7. Remove the bearing from the opposite end of a rotor. If the stripper bring its cams under an internal ring of the bearing is for this purpose applied.
8. Отпаяйте from статора выпрямительный the block. For this wire between статором and a soldering iron tip clamp tweezers for a heat-conducting path. Diodes should not overheat.
The vyprjamitelnyj block acts in film only in the presence of necessary experience and the tool.

Repair of brushes and щеткодержателей

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Check up quality of contact of brushes with contact rings. Check up freedom of moving of brushes in directing щеткодержателей. If necessary clear a liquid "Tri".
If the acting part of a brush is worn out to 5 mm (иллюстр.), it is necessary to replace a brush, отпаяв it.

Rotor check


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. If contact rings are greased, it is necessary to clear their rag moistened in a liquid "Tri". At presence рисок polish their skin.
For check of isolation of a winding of excitation of a rotor put one щуп an ohmmeter to the rotor core, and another щуп to a contact ring. The ohmmeter should show "infinity". Otherwise the rotor is subject to replacement (иллюстр.).
2. For check of a winding of excitation of a rotor on breakage put both tips of an ohmmeter to contact rings. The device should show 2.6 - 2.8 Ohm. If the ohmmeter shows "infinity", it specifies in breakage in windings, if shows "zero" on short circuit presence (иллюстр.).

Check статора


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. In the presence of short circuit in a winding статора owing to an overheat it can be established visually. Such статор is subject to replacement. Put one щуп an ohmmeter to a collector ring (1), another serially to each of three conclusions статора (2), (3), (4), (иллюстр.).
2. The device should show "infinity". For winding check статора on breakage serially connect conclusions статора among themselves. If the device does not give indications it specifies in breakage presence (иллюстр.). Resistance of windings should be equal 0.10 - 0.11 Ohm.

Check выпрямительного the block


Exact check of size of pressure 45 пропускания and values запорного a current of diodes demands presence of the special device and should be spent in the conditions of repair trucks.

Assemblage


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. The scheme of assemblage of the generator is shown on иллюстр. "The scheme of assemblage of generator Bosch". Напрессуйте on a shaft of a rotor the bearing. The bearing in a cover from outside a drive fastens an external washer. After cover installation from outside a drive on the shaft end напрессовывается a remote ring (3). Before generator installation on the car engine it is necessary to check up its work at the stand.

Replacement of brushes

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1a. As a result of long work of a brush wear out, reaching is minimum admissible size. It is possible to replace brushes without performance of repair of the generator. However it is not recommended to spend this work on firm Delco-Remy generators, since. It can cause certain difficulties. Here it is necessary to remove the generator and to hand over it in a repair truck.
On firm Bosch generator this work can be executed after generator removal. However for this purpose it is necessary to have soldering experience. Turn on from an underside of the generator two screws shown on иллюстр. Arrows
1b. Cнимите the knot shown on иллюстр. It is knot щеткодержателя and a pressure regulator.
2. Measure length of an acting part of brushes. If the specified length less than 5 mm or comes nearer to this size, it is necessary to replace brushes. If length sufficient, check up freedom of moving of brushes in directing щеткодержателей. They should come back back under the influence of a tension of springs. If it does not occur, brushes also are replaced.
3. For replacement of its brush it is necessary отпаять. For this purpose take tweezers a brush rope (for a heat-conducting path) and отпаивают it.
Insert new brushes with springs in directing щеткодержателей. Check up, that brushes not заедали. In the presence of jamming smooth out planes of a brush a small skin.
4. Solder a brush rope. Watch that solder has not leaked along a rope since the rope thus becomes too rigid.
Wipe through apertures in the generator a rag moistened in gasoline contact rings and insert into place щеткодержатели. Watch that brushes have risen on contact rings. Establish the generator on the engine.
Instructions: Carefully check up, that brushes have risen into place.